ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) MND (Motor Neuron Disease)
The Motor Neuron Diseases(MND) are a group of neurological disorders that selectively affect motor neurons, the cells that control voluntary muscle activity including speaking, walking, breathing, swallowing and general movement of the body.
ALS ( Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosi) or MND ( Motor Neuron Disease) is a fast progressing degenerative disease or devastating illness which leads to progressive paralysis and eventual death. It is considered to be an Incurable disease where medical science does not have anything to offer even in arresting the fast progression.
In this field through Homoeopathy at AKGsOVIHAMS medical centre some encouraging results have been obtained ,though not achieved a cure but certainly improvement has been seen in many cases, which has made me to explore more and conduct research .
MND refers to a group of diseases that affect motor neurons. In the United States, MND is more commonly called Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), or Lou u Gehrig’s disease, after the Basball player. ALS/MND refers to a specific subset of pathologically-identical diseases; other diseases of the motor neuron that should not be confused with ALS/MND include spinobulbar muscular atrophy, spinal muscular atrophy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, and many others.
A French Neurologist, Jean – Martin Charcot, first suggested grouping together disparate conditions that affect thelateral horn of the spinal cord in 1869.
Symptoms usually present themselves between the ages of 35-50-70, and include
Fasciculations or Muscle Twitching Spasticity or Stiffness in the Arms and Legs
Overactive Tendon Reflexes
Foot Drop or Dragging Foot
Unilateral Muscle Wasting in the Hands
Chocking & Suffocation
Difficulty in swallowing sply Liquids
The classic form of the disease is also called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). It tends to be focal in onset, with a particular group of muscles affected first. This presents:
- With a mixture of upper and lower motor neurone features (for example, with a wasted fasciculating biceps with a brisk, easily obtained biceps' reflex).
In three recognised patterns:
- Limb onset - by far the commonest
- Bulbar onset - 20% of cases
- Respiratory onset - the least common
The rarer variants of the disease can present in 2 ways:
- With pure UMN features (primary lateral sclerosis).
- With pure LMN features (progressive muscular atrophy).
Neurological examination presents specific signs associated with upper and lower motor neuron degeneration. Signs of Upper motor neuron damage include Spasticity, brisk Reflexes and the Babinski sign. Signs of Lower motor neuron damage include weakness and muscle atrophy.
Note that every muscle group in the body requires both upper and lower motor neurons to function. The signs described above can occur in any muscle group, including the arms, legs, torso, and bulbar region.
The diagnosis of MND is a clinical one, established by a neurologist on the basis of history and neurological examination.
There is no diagnostic test for ALS / MND.
Investigations such as Blood tests,
MRI Scans - Brian, Spine
Genetic Test etc.