Colon cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the large intestine (colon). The colon is the final part of the digestive tract.

Colon cancer typically affects older adults, though it can happen at any age. It usually begins as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells called polyps that form on the inside of the colon. Over time some of these polyps can become colon cancers

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Not certain what causes most colon cancers.

Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep your body functioning normally. But when a cell's DNA is damaged and becomes cancerous, cells continue to divide — even when new cells aren't needed. As the cells accumulate, they form a tumor.

With time, the cancer cells can grow to invade and destroy normal tissue nearby. And cancerous cells can travel to other parts of the body to form deposits there (metastasis).

Risk factors

Factors that may increase your risk of colon cancer include:

  • Older age. Colon cancer can be diagnosed at any age, but a majority of people with colon cancer are older than 50. The rates of colon cancer in people younger than 50 have been increasing, but doctors aren't sure why.
  • African-American race. African-Americans have a greater risk of colon cancer than do people of other races.
  • A personal history of colorectal cancer or polyps. If you've already had colon cancer or noncancerous colon polyps, you have a greater risk of colon cancer in the future.
  • Inflammatory intestinal conditions. Chronic inflammatory diseases of the colon, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, can increase your risk of colon cancer.
  • Inherited syndromes that increase colon cancer risk. Some gene mutations passed through generations of your family can increase your risk of colon cancer significantly. Only a small percentage of colon cancers are linked to inherited genes. The most common inherited syndromes that increase colon cancer risk are familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and Lynch syndrome, which is also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC).
  • Family history of colon cancer. You're more likely to develop colon cancer if you have a blood relative who has had the disease. If more than one family member has colon cancer or rectal cancer, your risk is even greater.
  • Low-fiber, high-fat diet. Colon cancer and rectal cancer may be associated with a typical Western diet, which is low in fiber and high in fat and calories. Research in this area has had mixed results. Some studies have found an increased risk of colon cancer in people who eat diets high in red meat and processed meat.
  • A sedentary lifestyle. People who are inactive are more likely to develop colon cancer. Getting regular physical activity may reduce your risk of colon cancer.
  • Diabetes. People with diabetes or insulin resistance have an increased risk of colon cancer.
  • Obesity. People who are obese have an increased risk of colon cancer and an increased risk of dying of colon cancer when compared with people considered normal weight.
  • Smoking. People who smoke may have an increased risk of colon cancer.
  • Alcohol. Heavy use of alcohol increases your risk of colon cancer.
  • Radiation therapy for cancer. Radiation therapy directed at the abdomen to treat previous cancers increases the risk of colon cancer.

Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include:

  • A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool
  • Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool
  • Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain
  • A feeling that your bowel doesn't empty completely
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss

Change the Lifestyle to reduce risk of colon cancer

You can take steps to reduce your risk of colon cancer by making changes in your everyday life. Take steps to:

  • Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Fruits, vegetables and whole grains contain vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants, which may play a role in cancer prevention. Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables so that you get an array of vitamins and nutrients.
  • Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all. If you choose to drink alcohol, limit the amount of alcohol you drink to no more than one drink a day for women and two for men.
  • Stop smoking. Talk to your doctor about ways to quit that may work for you.
  • Exercise most days of the week. Try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise on most days. If you've been inactive, start slowly and build up gradually to 30 minutes. Also, talk to your doctor before starting any exercise program.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. If you are at a healthy weight, work to maintain your weight by combining a healthy diet with daily exercise. If you need to lose weight, ask your doctor about healthy ways to achieve your goal. Aim to lose weight slowly by increasing the amount of exercise you get and reducing the number of calories you eat.
Some medications have been found to reduce the risk of precancerous polyps or colon cancer. For instance, some evidence links a reduced risk of polyps and colon cancer to regular use of aspirin or aspirin-like drugs. But it's not clear what dose and what length of time would be needed to reduce the risk of colon cancer. Taking aspirin daily has some risks, including gastrointestinal bleeding and ulcers. These options are generally reserved for people with a high risk of colon cancer. There isn't enough evidence to recommend these medications to people who have an average risk of colon cancer. If you have an increased risk of colon cancer, discuss your risk factors with your doctor to determine whether preventive medications are safe for you.


Stool DNA test

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Virtual colonoscopy (CT colonography)

Post Colon Cancer Surgery Bleed with low Hb Cured

I am 68 years old now. Eight years ago in May 2014, my haemoglobin level fell  very low to 5gms. On
investigations I was diagnosed Sigmoid Colon Cancer. Then two major surgeries were done in
May 2014 and Feb. 2015 at Ganga Ram Hospital. In between Chemotherapy course was also given, but
even after surgeries and medication my haemoglobin remained always low. I consulted many doctors in
allopathic and homoeopathy but no use. I have to be admitted in hospital every 3 or 4 month for getting
Iron administered. Even after administration of Iron my Hb would go maximum up to 9 gms. After few months again it use to fall down to 5 gm , I use to feel very weak in general. This became aregular process for me where I had to be admitted to have Iron againa nd again.

In 2016, I came in contact of Dr. A.K. Gupta, Homoeopathic doctor bya a reference one of my relative in
Rajouri garden and started taking medicine from him. Along with these Homoeopathic medicines, I was also taking Dexorange syrup by consulting Dr. A.K. Gupta. My haemoglobin was gradually increasing week by week. After 2 years Dr. A.K. Gupta asked to stop Dexorange syrup also.  Ever since I started treatment from Dr Gupta I have never had the neccessity to be admitted for Iron injection. I am taking medication from him and my Hb  remains in the range of 11-12 gms.without Iron and also don't feel weakness anymore. Which has been a great releif for me and my family as being cured.

Another nasty problem which I was facing after Surgeries that I was feeling very uncomfortable in the
abdomen. It was appearing that some forceful hitting was there from inside the abdomen to the wall of
abdomen and it seems that they will come outside after piercing the wall of stomach. Moreover there
were many noises in stomach. Even a person sitting near to me was also able to hear sometimes but all
these problems stopped within 6 months after starting medicines from Dr. A.K. Gupta.

I am very thankful to Dr. A.K. Gupta for me to live a painless and good life now. Dr. A.K. Gupta is all
rounder in the field of all disease and is capable of curing each type of disease whether it is medical,
surgical, ENT, Orthopedic, muscular, skin, Diabetes, Blood pressure and so on. as i tried for. I take medicines from Dr. A.K. Gupta for my all kind of other issues like BP, Sugar, Joint Pains , Uric Acid or Sleeplessness etc. Now he is also our family doctor. My Wife, Son, Daughter, and even Grandson
take medicine from him as and when require and find relief in all Acute and Chronic conditions also.

Mr. Om Prakash chhabra
M - 9968303335

Rajouri Garden, New Delhi

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