Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder which occurs most often in adolescent females and is characterised by intense fear of gaining weight or becoming obese, inability to perceive own body size accurately, and the person would go to extreme lengths to maintain low weight. Even though eating and mealtimes become extremely stressful for the sufferer, food and what they can and cannot eat is exactly what they keep thinking about.

A combination of biological, psychological, emotional and social factors seem to cause anorexia. Some of these factors are:-

  • Idealization of thinness in culture/media
  • Family history of eating disorder
  • Low self-esteem
  • Troubled family relationships; history of physical or sexual abuse
  • Body dissatisfaction
  • Perfectionism
  • Dramatic weight loss; rigorous dieting or exercising
  • Preoccupation with food, calories
  • Over concern about gaining weight; issues with body-image
  • Can lead to amenorrhea or abnormal absence of menstruation

A combination of medicines and psychotherapy is the best form of trestment for anorexia nervosa. Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy (CBT) has been found to be effictive along with Family based therapy. They are aimed at addressing the distorted beliefs related to one's body weight and appearance. In addition, hospitalisation is also advised in severe cases that pose a  threat to the person's survival due to several physical complications that can arise due to anorexia. 

  • Hospitalisation
  • Medications
  • Psychotherapy
  • Yoga
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